The relationship between an employer and employee is a matter of contract but extensive legislation introduced over the last forty years has imposed obligations on both employees and employers. A dispute can sometimes arise between employers and employees. The appropriate grievance procedure should be followed by both parties and if the matter is not resolved it may be necessary to refer the issue to the Workplace Relations Commission. The Commission deals with claims for Unfair Dismissal, Redundancy, Collective Agreements, Terms and Conditions of Employment, Equal Status Issues and Holiday Pay.
Some employment issues fall outside the remit of the Workplace Relations Commission and have to be dealt with under the ordinary law of negligence. This may apply to bullying and harassment claims and some claims for breach of contract. There are very strict time limits within which claims can be made (frequently six months) and therefore legal advice should be sought promptly.